John Calvin was an influential theologian at the time of the reformation when the doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church which had dominated Christendom for over 10000 years, were publicly questioned. He made many valuable contributions to this renewal of understanding. The doctrines of ‘Grace’ (so called bearing his name have been summed up in five points, one of which states that Christ did not die (in the same way) for all people, only for the ‘elect’, who had been chosen from the foundation of the world. The corollary of this, which is understandably not generally emphasized, is that the ‘un-elect’ are predestined to suffer endless torment in Hell; and they are powerless to do anything about it.
Following are some of the scriptures that encourage those who believe that this doctrine is in conflict with the character of God as revealed in Jesus Christ.
Who will be saved?
God our Saviour], who wants ALL people to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth. For there is one God and one mediator between God and mankind, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself as a ransom for ALL people. [1 Tim 2:4-6]
‘And I [Jesus], if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw ALL men unto me’ [John 12:32]
Israel has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of the Gentiles has come in, 26 and in this way all Israel will be saved…. For God has bound everyone over to disobedience so that he may have mercy on them all. [Rom 11:25-26,32]
He made known to us the mystery of his will according to his good pleasure, which he purposed in Christ, to be put into effect when the times reach their fulfillment—to bring unity to ALL things in heaven and on earth under Christ. [Eph 1:9-10]
‘But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels, for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honor; that he, by the grace of God, should taste death for EVERY man.’ [Heb. 2:9]
‘And he is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.’ (1 John 2:2)
‘We have seen, and do testify, that the Father sent the Son to be the Saviour of THE WORLD.’ (1 John 4:14)
‘As in Adam ALL die, even so in Christ shall ALL be made alive.’ [I Cor. xv. 22.]
‘God is called “the Saviour of ALL men.’ [1 Tim. 4:10]
‘The grace of God bringeth salvation to ALL men.’ [Titus 2:11]
Isaiah 53:6: “All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us ALL.”
1 John 2:2: “And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of THE WHOLE WORLD.”